The burden on working memory during processing of information. Elephant-Fountain. If the words have meaning, then the terms may be … In the core of Dual Coding Theory lies the attempt to prompt learning and expand on learning material through verbal associations and visual imagery. Dual coding theory has been applied to many cognitive phenomena including: mnemonics, problem-solving, concept learning and language. Dual coding. Choose a technique that you feel is appropriate for the information you are learning. The use of both words and images to convey information. This also means that learning material will be easier to relate if it is less abstract. I could add a hundred resources to support this post, this would spark a lively conversation but would hurt our focus on the lea… There are others but these two are the most fundamental. However, keep it simple: combining more than two types of multimedia can be detrimental for your students. Paivio's dual coding theory suggests that Some words are easier to remember than others Concrete words can be coded as an image as well as a word Apple is easier to remember than faith As I read it, their strongest claim is that we best understand and remember information that is concrete, and by concrete they mean imagery connected to our motor/perceptual/emotional neural circuitry. Sportsmen often perform better in mathematical tasks. Dual-coding theory postulates that both visual and verbal information is used to represent information. It originated with Paivio in the 70s, and explains how visual and linguistic information is processed in two different areas of the brain. Before you start dual coding, take a look at the excellent image below produced by the thelearningscientists.org. The static orientation of elements in relation to each other. The more intricate details of Dual Coding Theory are beyond our scope here, but the core idea is very simple and intuitive. Paivio proposes that the human mind operates with two distinct classes of mental representation (or codes), verbal representations and mental images, and that human memory thus comprises two functionally independent (although interacting) systems or stores, verbal memory and image memory. Visual and verbal information are processed differently and along distinct channels in the human mind, creating separate representations for information processed in each channel. when a word is concrete, it is much easier to remember them because you have two routes incase one is destroyed, you will still have the other. Dual coding theory is a cognitive theory Allan Paivio proposed in 1971. The dual-coding theory attributes the advantage to the access of a right hemisphere image based system in addition to a verbal system by concrete words. In coding theory, the dual code of a linear code ⊂ is the linear code defined by ⊥ = {∈ ∣ , = ∀ ∈} where , = ∑ = is a scalar product. Our cognition is a complex process that is capable of dealing simultaneously with language input and nonverbal objects and events. all of the above provide support . Encoding, of course, is psychologists’ term for learning and, so, such a powering up of the encoding and retrieval processes deserves teachers’ close attention. Symbolic codesare used to for mental representations of words. This helps them to … The dual-coding theory asserts that learning becomes more effective and efficient when incoming information is processed through multiple visual formats like text and pictures. It’s no surprise then that John Sweller —the originator of the related Cognitive Load Theory— concludes that, “Working memory capacity can be effectively increased, and learning improved, by using a dual-modepresentation.” (Cognitive Load Theory, 2011, Sweller, Ayres & Kalyuga) Often, cognitive science brings bad news to students. Its basis is the idea that mental imaging aids learning. Visual information organized in terms of part-whole relationships. In contrast, Marschark and Hunt (1989) argue… Verbal information organized in terms of associations and hierarchies. The organization of information in hierarchical steps that define a process or method. According to the dual-coding theory, the additive effects of concreteness and relatedness on memory performance implicate independent contributions of the two systems. It can be argued that Dual Coding is a teaching and learning strategy that teachers have been using for years and years. This theory became known as ‘dual coding’. Imagery and Text: A Dual Coding Theory of Reading and Writing presents, for the first time, a unified theory of both reading and writing that derives from and is completely consistent with the Dual Coding Theory of cognition, one of the most influential and empirically sound theories of cognition ever developed. 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